ServiceManagerinit.rc中启动的。

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
//system/core/rootdir/init.rc
service servicemanager /system/bin/servicemanager
    class core
    user system
    group system
    critical
    onrestart restart healthd
    onrestart restart zygote
    onrestart restart media
    onrestart restart surfaceflinger
    onrestart restart drm

servicemanager是用C/C++编写,源码路径在工程的frameworks/native/cmds/servicemanager目录中,先看看它的make文件。

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
//frameworks/native/cmds/servicemanager/Android.mk
include $(CLEAR_VARS)
LOCAL_SHARED_LIBRARIES := liblog libcutils libselinux
LOCAL_SRC_FILES := service_manager.c binder.c //servicemanager对应的c文件
LOCAL_CFLAGS += $(svc_c_flags)
LOCAL_MODULE := servicemanager //生成可执行文件的文件名
include $(BUILD_EXECUTABLE)

service_manager.c

main

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
    struct binder_state *bs;

    bs = binder_open(128*1024); //打开Binder设备
    if (!bs) {
        ALOGE("failed to open binder driver\n");
        return -1;
    }
   //将自己设置为Binder大管家,整个Android系统只允许一个ServiceManager存在,因而后面还有人调用这个函数就会失败
    if (binder_become_context_manager(bs)) {
        ALOGE("cannot become context manager (%s)\n", strerror(errno));
        return -1;
    }

    selinux_enabled = is_selinux_enabled();
    sehandle = selinux_android_service_context_handle();
    selinux_status_open(true);

    if (selinux_enabled > 0) {
        if (sehandle == NULL) {
            ALOGE("SELinux: Failed to acquire sehandle. Aborting.\n");
            abort();
        }

        if (getcon(&service_manager_context) != 0) {
            ALOGE("SELinux: Failed to acquire service_manager context. Aborting.\n");
            abort();
        }
    }

    union selinux_callback cb;
    cb.func_audit = audit_callback;
    selinux_set_callback(SELINUX_CB_AUDIT, cb);
    cb.func_log = selinux_log_callback;
    selinux_set_callback(SELINUX_CB_LOG, cb);

    binder_loop(bs, svcmgr_handler);//进入循环,等待客户的请求

    return 0;
}

svcmgr_handler

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
int svcmgr_handler(struct binder_state *bs,
                   struct binder_transaction_data *txn,
                   struct binder_io *msg,
                   struct binder_io *reply)
{
    struct svcinfo *si;
    uint16_t *s;
    size_t len;
    uint32_t handle;
    uint32_t strict_policy;
    int allow_isolated;

    //ALOGI("target=%p code=%d pid=%d uid=%d\n",
    //      (void*) txn->target.ptr, txn->code, txn->sender_pid, txn->sender_euid);

    if (txn->target.ptr != BINDER_SERVICE_MANAGER)
        return -1;

    if (txn->code == PING_TRANSACTION)
        return 0;

    // Equivalent to Parcel::enforceInterface(), reading the RPC
    // header with the strict mode policy mask and the interface name.
    // Note that we ignore the strict_policy and don't propagate it
    // further (since we do no outbound RPCs anyway).
    strict_policy = bio_get_uint32(msg);
    s = bio_get_string16(msg, &len);
    if (s == NULL) {
        return -1;
    }

    if ((len != (sizeof(svcmgr_id) / 2)) ||
        memcmp(svcmgr_id, s, sizeof(svcmgr_id))) {
        fprintf(stderr,"invalid id %s\n", str8(s, len));
        return -1;
    }

    if (sehandle && selinux_status_updated() > 0) {
        struct selabel_handle *tmp_sehandle = selinux_android_service_context_handle();
        if (tmp_sehandle) {
            selabel_close(sehandle);
            sehandle = tmp_sehandle;
        }
    }

    switch(txn->code) {
    case SVC_MGR_GET_SERVICE:
    case SVC_MGR_CHECK_SERVICE: //根据Server名称查找它的handle值
        s = bio_get_string16(msg, &len);
        if (s == NULL) {
            return -1;
        }
        handle = do_find_service(bs, s, len, txn->sender_euid, txn->sender_pid);
        if (!handle)
            break;
        bio_put_ref(reply, handle);//保存查询结果,以返回给客户端
        return 0;

    case SVC_MGR_ADD_SERVICE://用于注册一个Binder Server
        s = bio_get_string16(msg, &len);
        if (s == NULL) {
            return -1;
        }
        handle = bio_get_ref(msg);
        allow_isolated = bio_get_uint32(msg) ? 1 : 0;
        if (do_add_service(bs, s, len, handle, txn->sender_euid,
            allow_isolated, txn->sender_pid))
            return -1;
        break;

    case SVC_MGR_LIST_SERVICES: { //获取列表中对应的Server
        uint32_t n = bio_get_uint32(msg);

        if (!svc_can_list(txn->sender_pid)) {
            ALOGE("list_service() uid=%d - PERMISSION DENIED\n",
                    txn->sender_euid);
            return -1;
        }
        si = svclist;
        while ((n-- > 0) && si)
            si = si->next;
        if (si) {
            bio_put_string16(reply, si->name); //保存结果
            return 0;
        }
        return -1;
    }
    default:
        ALOGE("unknown code %d\n", txn->code);
        return -1;
    }

    bio_put_uint32(reply, 0);
    return 0;
}

do_add_service

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
int do_add_service(struct binder_state *bs,
                   const uint16_t *s, size_t len,
                   uint32_t handle, uid_t uid, int allow_isolated,
                   pid_t spid)
{
    struct svcinfo *si;

    //ALOGI("add_service('%s',%x,%s) uid=%d\n", str8(s, len), handle,
    //        allow_isolated ? "allow_isolated" : "!allow_isolated", uid);

    if (!handle || (len == 0) || (len > 127))
        return -1;

    if (!svc_can_register(s, len, spid, uid)) {
        ALOGE("add_service('%s',%x) uid=%d - PERMISSION DENIED\n",
             str8(s, len), handle, uid);
        return -1;
    }

    si = find_svc(s, len);
    if (si) {
        if (si->handle) {
            ALOGE("add_service('%s',%x) uid=%d - ALREADY REGISTERED, OVERRIDE\n",
                 str8(s, len), handle, uid);
            svcinfo_death(bs, si);
        }
        si->handle = handle;
    } else {
        si = malloc(sizeof(*si) + (len + 1) * sizeof(uint16_t));
        if (!si) {
            ALOGE("add_service('%s',%x) uid=%d - OUT OF MEMORY\n",
                 str8(s, len), handle, uid);
            return -1;
        }
        si->handle = handle;
        si->len = len;
        memcpy(si->name, s, (len + 1) * sizeof(uint16_t));
        si->name[len] = '\0';
        si->death.func = (void*) svcinfo_death;
        si->death.ptr = si;
        si->allow_isolated = allow_isolated;
        si->next = svclist;
        svclist = si;
    }

    binder_acquire(bs, handle);
    binder_link_to_death(bs, handle, &si->death);
    return 0;
}

binder.c

binder_open

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
//frameworks/native/cmds/servicemanager/binder.c
struct binder_state *binder_open(size_t mapsize)
{
    struct binder_state *bs; //这个结构构体记录了SM中关于Binder的所有信息,如fd、map的大小等
    struct binder_version vers;

    bs = malloc(sizeof(*bs));
    if (!bs) {
        errno = ENOMEM;
        return NULL;
    }

    bs->fd = open("/dev/binder", O_RDWR);//打开Binder驱动节点
    if (bs->fd < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr,"binder: cannot open device (%s)\n",
                strerror(errno));
        goto fail_open;
    }

    if ((ioctl(bs->fd, BINDER_VERSION, &vers) == -1) ||
        (vers.protocol_version != BINDER_CURRENT_PROTOCOL_VERSION)) {
        fprintf(stderr,
                "binder: kernel driver version (%d) differs from user space version (%d)\n",
                vers.protocol_version, BINDER_CURRENT_PROTOCOL_VERSION);
        goto fail_open;
    }

    bs->mapsize = mapsize; //mapsize是SM自己设置的,为128*1024,即128k
    bs->mapped = mmap(NULL, mapsize, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, bs->fd, 0);
    if (bs->mapped == MAP_FAILED) {
        fprintf(stderr,"binder: cannot map device (%s)\n",
                strerror(errno));
        goto fail_map;
    }

    return bs;

fail_map:
    close(bs->fd);//关闭file
fail_open:
    free(bs);
    return NULL;
}

binder_become_context_manager

1
2
3
4
int binder_become_context_manager(struct binder_state *bs)
{
    return ioctl(bs->fd, BINDER_SET_CONTEXT_MGR, 0);
}

binder_loop

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
void binder_loop(struct binder_state *bs, binder_handler func)
{  //func函数在SM中对应svcmgr_handler()
    int res;
    struct binder_write_read bwr; //这是执行BINDER_WRITE_READ 命令所需的数据格式
    uint32_t readbuf[32]; //一次读取容量

    bwr.write_size = 0;
    bwr.write_consumed = 0;
    bwr.write_buffer = 0;

    readbuf[0] = BC_ENTER_LOOPER;
    binder_write(bs, readbuf, sizeof(uint32_t));

    for (;;) {
        bwr.read_size = sizeof(readbuf);
        bwr.read_consumed = 0;
        bwr.read_buffer = (uintptr_t) readbuf;//读取的消息存储到readbuf中

        res = ioctl(bs->fd, BINDER_WRITE_READ, &bwr);//读取驱动发送的消息

        if (res < 0) {
            ALOGE("binder_loop: ioctl failed (%s)\n", strerror(errno));
            break;
        }

        res = binder_parse(bs, 0, (uintptr_t) readbuf, bwr.read_consumed, func);//处理这条消息
        if (res == 0) {
            ALOGE("binder_loop: unexpected reply?!\n");
            break;
        }
        if (res < 0) {
            ALOGE("binder_loop: io error %d %s\n", res, strerror(errno));
            break;
        }
    }
}

binder_parse

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
int binder_parse(struct binder_state *bs, struct binder_io *bio,
                 uintptr_t ptr, size_t size, binder_handler func)
{
    int r = 1;
    uintptr_t end = ptr + (uintptr_t) size;

    while (ptr < end) {
        uint32_t cmd = *(uint32_t *) ptr;
        ptr += sizeof(uint32_t);
#if TRACE
        fprintf(stderr,"%s:\n", cmd_name(cmd));
#endif
        switch(cmd) {
        case BR_NOOP:
            break;
        case BR_TRANSACTION_COMPLETE:
            break;
        case BR_INCREFS:
        case BR_ACQUIRE:
        case BR_RELEASE:
        case BR_DECREFS:
#if TRACE
            fprintf(stderr,"  %p, %p\n", (void *)ptr, (void *)(ptr + sizeof(void *)));
#endif
            ptr += sizeof(struct binder_ptr_cookie);
            break;
        case BR_TRANSACTION: {
            struct binder_transaction_data *txn = (struct binder_transaction_data *) ptr;
            if ((end - ptr) < sizeof(*txn)) {
                ALOGE("parse: txn too small!\n");
                return -1;
            }
            binder_dump_txn(txn);
            if (func) {
                unsigned rdata[256/4];
                struct binder_io msg;
                struct binder_io reply;
                int res;

                bio_init(&reply, rdata, sizeof(rdata), 4);
                bio_init_from_txn(&msg, txn);
                res = func(bs, txn, &msg, &reply);
                //将执行结果回复给底层Binder驱动
                binder_send_reply(bs, &reply, txn->data.ptr.buffer, res);
            }
            ptr += sizeof(*txn);
            break;
        }
        case BR_REPLY: {
            struct binder_transaction_data *txn = (struct binder_transaction_data *) ptr;
            if ((end - ptr) < sizeof(*txn)) {
                ALOGE("parse: reply too small!\n");
                return -1;
            }
            binder_dump_txn(txn);
            if (bio) {
                bio_init_from_txn(bio, txn);
                bio = 0;
            } else {
                /* todo FREE BUFFER */
            }
            ptr += sizeof(*txn);
            r = 0;
            break;
        }
        case BR_DEAD_BINDER: {
            struct binder_death *death = (struct binder_death *)(uintptr_t) *(binder_uintptr_t *)ptr;
            ptr += sizeof(binder_uintptr_t);
            death->func(bs, death->ptr);
            break;
        }
        case BR_FAILED_REPLY:
            r = -1;
            break;
        case BR_DEAD_REPLY:
            r = -1;
            break;
        default:
            ALOGE("parse: OOPS %d\n", cmd);
            return -1;
        }
    }

    return r;
}

binder_send_reply

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
void binder_send_reply(struct binder_state *bs,
                       struct binder_io *reply,
                       binder_uintptr_t buffer_to_free,
                       int status)
{
    struct {
        uint32_t cmd_free;
        binder_uintptr_t buffer;
        uint32_t cmd_reply;
        struct binder_transaction_data txn;
    } __attribute__((packed)) data;

    data.cmd_free = BC_FREE_BUFFER;
    data.buffer = buffer_to_free;
    data.cmd_reply = BC_REPLY;
    data.txn.target.ptr = 0;
    data.txn.cookie = 0;
    data.txn.code = 0;
    if (status) {
        data.txn.flags = TF_STATUS_CODE;
        data.txn.data_size = sizeof(int);
        data.txn.offsets_size = 0;
        data.txn.data.ptr.buffer = (uintptr_t)&status;
        data.txn.data.ptr.offsets = 0;
    } else {
        data.txn.flags = 0;
        data.txn.data_size = reply->data - reply->data0;
        data.txn.offsets_size = ((char*) reply->offs) - ((char*) reply->offs0);
        data.txn.data.ptr.buffer = (uintptr_t)reply->data0;
        data.txn.data.ptr.offsets = (uintptr_t)reply->offs0;
    }
    binder_write(bs, &data, sizeof(data));
}

binder_write

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
int binder_write(struct binder_state *bs, void *data, size_t len)
{
    struct binder_write_read bwr;
    int res;

    bwr.write_size = len;
    bwr.write_consumed = 0;
    bwr.write_buffer = (uintptr_t) data;
    bwr.read_size = 0;
    bwr.read_consumed = 0;
    bwr.read_buffer = 0;
    res = ioctl(bs->fd, BINDER_WRITE_READ, &bwr);
    if (res < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr,"binder_write: ioctl failed (%s)\n",
                strerror(errno));
    }
    return res;
}

参考