Posts 添加和获取服务
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添加和获取服务

ServiceManager

addService

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public static void addService(String name, IBinder service) {
    try {
        getIServiceManager().addService(name, service, false);//添加服务
    } catch (RemoteException e) {
        Log.e(TAG, "error in addService", e);
    }
}

ServiceManagerProxy

addService

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//frameworks/base/core/java/android/os/ServiceManagerNative.java
public void addService(String name, IBinder service, boolean allowIsolated)
            throws RemoteException {
    Parcel data = Parcel.obtain();
    Parcel reply = Parcel.obtain();
    data.writeInterfaceToken(IServiceManager.descriptor);
    data.writeString(name);
    data.writeStrongBinder(service);//写入一个StrongBinder 
    data.writeInt(allowIsolated ? 1 : 0);
    mRemote.transact(ADD_SERVICE_TRANSACTION, data, reply, 0);
    reply.recycle();
    data.recycle();
}
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public IBinder getService(String name) throws RemoteException {
    Parcel data = Parcel.obtain();
    Parcel reply = Parcel.obtain();
    data.writeInterfaceToken(IServiceManager.descriptor);
    data.writeString(name);
    mRemote.transact(GET_SERVICE_TRANSACTION, data, reply, 0);
    IBinder binder = reply.readStrongBinder();
    reply.recycle();
    data.recycle();
    return binder;
}

BinderProxy

transact

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//frameworks/base/core/java/android/os/Binder.java
public boolean transact(int code, Parcel data, Parcel reply, int flags) throws RemoteException {
    Binder.checkParcel(this, code, data, "Unreasonably large binder buffer");
    if (Binder.isTracingEnabled()) { Binder.getTransactionTracker().addTrace(); }
    return transactNative(code, data, reply, flags); //调用native方法
}

android_util_Binder

transact

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//frameworks/base/core/jni/android_util_Binder.cpp
static jboolean android_os_BinderProxy_transact(JNIEnv* env, jobject obj,
        jint code, jobject dataObj, jobject replyObj, jint flags) // throws RemoteException
{
    if (dataObj == NULL) {
        jniThrowNullPointerException(env, NULL);
        return JNI_FALSE;
    }

    Parcel* data = parcelForJavaObject(env, dataObj);//转换成native中的Parcel实现
    if (data == NULL) {
        return JNI_FALSE;
    }
    Parcel* reply = parcelForJavaObject(env, replyObj);
    if (reply == NULL && replyObj != NULL) {
        return JNI_FALSE;
    }

    IBinder* target = (IBinder*)
        env->GetLongField(obj, gBinderProxyOffsets.mObject);
    if (target == NULL) {
        jniThrowException(env, "java/lang/IllegalStateException", "Binder has been finalized!");
        return JNI_FALSE;
    }

    ALOGV("Java code calling transact on %p in Java object %p with code %" PRId32 "\n",
            target, obj, code);


    bool time_binder_calls;
    int64_t start_millis;
    if (kEnableBinderSample) {
        // Only log the binder call duration for things on the Java-level main thread.
        // But if we don't
        time_binder_calls = should_time_binder_calls();

        if (time_binder_calls) {
            start_millis = uptimeMillis();
        }
    }

    //printf("Transact from Java code to %p sending: ", target); data->print();
    status_t err = target->transact(code, *data, reply, flags); //调用BpBinder的transact方法
    //if (reply) printf("Transact from Java code to %p received: ", target); reply->print();

    if (kEnableBinderSample) {
        if (time_binder_calls) {
            conditionally_log_binder_call(start_millis, target, code);
        }
    }

    if (err == NO_ERROR) {
        return JNI_TRUE;
    } else if (err == UNKNOWN_TRANSACTION) {
        return JNI_FALSE;
    }

    signalExceptionForError(env, obj, err, true /*canThrowRemoteException*/, data->dataSize());
    return JNI_FALSE;
}

BpBinder

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//frameworks/native/libs/binder/BpBinder.cpp
status_t BpBinder::transact(
    uint32_t code, const Parcel& data, Parcel* reply, uint32_t flags)
{
    // Once a binder has died, it will never come back to life.
    if (mAlive) {
        //调用IPCThreadState的transact方法
        status_t status = IPCThreadState::self()->transact(
            mHandle, code, data, reply, flags);
        if (status == DEAD_OBJECT) mAlive = 0;
        return status;
    }

    return DEAD_OBJECT;
}

IPCThreadState

每个线程都有一个IPCThreadState,每个IPCThreadState中都有一个mIn、一个mOut。成员变量mProcess保存了ProcessState变量(每个进程只有一个)。

  • mIn 用来接收来自Binder设备的数据,默认大小为256字节;
  • mOut用来存储发往Binder设备的数据,默认大小为256字节。
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IPCThreadState::IPCThreadState()
    : mProcess(ProcessState::self()),
      mMyThreadId(gettid()),
      mStrictModePolicy(0),
      mLastTransactionBinderFlags(0)
{
    pthread_setspecific(gTLS, this);
    clearCaller();
    mIn.setDataCapacity(256);//设置容量 
    mOut.setDataCapacity(256);
}

transact

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//frameworks/native/libs/binder/IPCThreadState.cpp
status_t IPCThreadState::transact(int32_t handle,
                                  uint32_t code, const Parcel& data,
                                  Parcel* reply, uint32_t flags)
{
    status_t err = data.errorCheck();

    flags |= TF_ACCEPT_FDS;

    IF_LOG_TRANSACTIONS() {
        TextOutput::Bundle _b(alog);
        alog << "BC_TRANSACTION thr " << (void*)pthread_self() << " / hand "
            << handle << " / code " << TypeCode(code) << ": "
            << indent << data << dedent << endl;
    }
    
    if (err == NO_ERROR) {
        LOG_ONEWAY(">>>> SEND from pid %d uid %d %s", getpid(), getuid(),
            (flags & TF_ONE_WAY) == 0 ? "READ REPLY" : "ONE WAY");
        //传输数据
        err = writeTransactionData(BC_TRANSACTION, flags, handle, code, data, NULL);
    }
    
    if (err != NO_ERROR) {
        if (reply) reply->setError(err);
        return (mLastError = err);
    }
    
    if ((flags & TF_ONE_WAY) == 0) {
        #if 0
        if (code == 4) { // relayout
            ALOGI(">>>>>> CALLING transaction 4");
        } else {
            ALOGI(">>>>>> CALLING transaction %d", code);
        }
        #endif
        if (reply) {
            err = waitForResponse(reply);
        } else {
            Parcel fakeReply;
            err = waitForResponse(&fakeReply);
        }
        #if 0
        if (code == 4) { // relayout
            ALOGI("<<<<<< RETURNING transaction 4");
        } else {
            ALOGI("<<<<<< RETURNING transaction %d", code);
        }
        #endif
        
        IF_LOG_TRANSACTIONS() {
            TextOutput::Bundle _b(alog);
            alog << "BR_REPLY thr " << (void*)pthread_self() << " / hand "
                << handle << ": ";
            if (reply) alog << indent << *reply << dedent << endl;
            else alog << "(none requested)" << endl;
        }
    } else {
        err = waitForResponse(NULL, NULL);
    }
    
    return err;
}

writeTransactionData

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status_t IPCThreadState::writeTransactionData(int32_t cmd, uint32_t binderFlags,
    int32_t handle, uint32_t code, const Parcel& data, status_t* statusBuffer)
{
    binder_transaction_data tr; //存储一次事务的数据

    tr.target.ptr = 0; /* Don't pass uninitialized stack data to a remote process */
    tr.target.handle = handle;
    tr.code = code;
    tr.flags = binderFlags;
    tr.cookie = 0;
    tr.sender_pid = 0;
    tr.sender_euid = 0;
    
    const status_t err = data.errorCheck();
    if (err == NO_ERROR) {
        tr.data_size = data.ipcDataSize();
        tr.data.ptr.buffer = data.ipcData();
        tr.offsets_size = data.ipcObjectsCount()*sizeof(binder_size_t);
        tr.data.ptr.offsets = data.ipcObjects();
    } else if (statusBuffer) {
        tr.flags |= TF_STATUS_CODE;
        *statusBuffer = err;
        tr.data_size = sizeof(status_t);
        tr.data.ptr.buffer = reinterpret_cast<uintptr_t>(statusBuffer);
        tr.offsets_size = 0;
        tr.data.ptr.offsets = 0;
    } else {
        return (mLastError = err);
    }
    
    mOut.writeInt32(cmd);
    mOut.write(&tr, sizeof(tr));//写入到mOut
    
    return NO_ERROR;
}

waitForResponse

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status_t IPCThreadState::waitForResponse(Parcel *reply, status_t *acquireResult)
{
    uint32_t cmd;
    int32_t err;

    while (1) {
        if ((err=talkWithDriver()) < NO_ERROR) break;
        err = mIn.errorCheck();
        if (err < NO_ERROR) break;
        if (mIn.dataAvail() == 0) continue;
        
        cmd = (uint32_t)mIn.readInt32();
        
        IF_LOG_COMMANDS() {
            alog << "Processing waitForResponse Command: "
                << getReturnString(cmd) << endl;
        }

        switch (cmd) {
        case BR_TRANSACTION_COMPLETE:
            if (!reply && !acquireResult) goto finish;
            break;
        
        case BR_DEAD_REPLY:
            err = DEAD_OBJECT;
            goto finish;

        case BR_FAILED_REPLY:
            err = FAILED_TRANSACTION;
            goto finish;
        
        case BR_ACQUIRE_RESULT:
            {
                ALOG_ASSERT(acquireResult != NULL, "Unexpected brACQUIRE_RESULT");
                const int32_t result = mIn.readInt32();
                if (!acquireResult) continue;
                *acquireResult = result ? NO_ERROR : INVALID_OPERATION;
            }
            goto finish;
        
        case BR_REPLY:
            {
                binder_transaction_data tr;
                err = mIn.read(&tr, sizeof(tr));
                ALOG_ASSERT(err == NO_ERROR, "Not enough command data for brREPLY");
                if (err != NO_ERROR) goto finish;

                if (reply) {
                    if ((tr.flags & TF_STATUS_CODE) == 0) {
                        reply->ipcSetDataReference(
                            reinterpret_cast<const uint8_t*>(tr.data.ptr.buffer),
                            tr.data_size,
                            reinterpret_cast<const binder_size_t*>(tr.data.ptr.offsets),
                            tr.offsets_size/sizeof(binder_size_t),
                            freeBuffer, this);
                    } else {
                        err = *reinterpret_cast<const status_t*>(tr.data.ptr.buffer);
                        freeBuffer(NULL,
                            reinterpret_cast<const uint8_t*>(tr.data.ptr.buffer),
                            tr.data_size,
                            reinterpret_cast<const binder_size_t*>(tr.data.ptr.offsets),
                            tr.offsets_size/sizeof(binder_size_t), this);
                    }
                } else {
                    freeBuffer(NULL,
                        reinterpret_cast<const uint8_t*>(tr.data.ptr.buffer),
                        tr.data_size,
                        reinterpret_cast<const binder_size_t*>(tr.data.ptr.offsets),
                        tr.offsets_size/sizeof(binder_size_t), this);
                    continue;
                }
            }
            goto finish;

        default:
            err = executeCommand(cmd);
            if (err != NO_ERROR) goto finish;
            break;
        }
    }

finish:
    if (err != NO_ERROR) {
        if (acquireResult) *acquireResult = err;
        if (reply) reply->setError(err);
        mLastError = err;
    }
    
    return err;
}

talkWithDriver

talkWithDriver通过ioctl BINDER_WRITE_READ来与驱动通信。

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status_t IPCThreadState::talkWithDriver(bool doReceive)
{
    if (mProcess->mDriverFD <= 0) {
        return -EBADF;
    }
    
    binder_write_read bwr;//存储一次读写操作的数据
    
    // Is the read buffer empty?
    const bool needRead = mIn.dataPosition() >= mIn.dataSize();
    
    // We don't want to write anything if we are still reading
    // from data left in the input buffer and the caller
    // has requested to read the next data.
    const size_t outAvail = (!doReceive || needRead) ? mOut.dataSize() : 0;
    
    bwr.write_size = outAvail;
    bwr.write_buffer = (uintptr_t)mOut.data();

    // This is what we'll read.
    if (doReceive && needRead) {
        bwr.read_size = mIn.dataCapacity();
        bwr.read_buffer = (uintptr_t)mIn.data();
    } else {
        bwr.read_size = 0;
        bwr.read_buffer = 0;
    }

    IF_LOG_COMMANDS() {
        TextOutput::Bundle _b(alog);
        if (outAvail != 0) {
            alog << "Sending commands to driver: " << indent;
            const void* cmds = (const void*)bwr.write_buffer;
            const void* end = ((const uint8_t*)cmds)+bwr.write_size;
            alog << HexDump(cmds, bwr.write_size) << endl;
            while (cmds < end) cmds = printCommand(alog, cmds);
            alog << dedent;
        }
        alog << "Size of receive buffer: " << bwr.read_size
            << ", needRead: " << needRead << ", doReceive: " << doReceive << endl;
    }
    
    // Return immediately if there is nothing to do.
    if ((bwr.write_size == 0) && (bwr.read_size == 0)) return NO_ERROR;

    bwr.write_consumed = 0;
    bwr.read_consumed = 0;
    status_t err;
    do {
        IF_LOG_COMMANDS() {
            alog << "About to read/write, write size = " << mOut.dataSize() << endl;
        }
#if defined(__ANDROID__)
        //通过ioctl不停的读写操作,跟Binder Driver进行通信
        if (ioctl(mProcess->mDriverFD, BINDER_WRITE_READ, &bwr) >= 0)
            err = NO_ERROR;
        else
            err = -errno;
#else
        err = INVALID_OPERATION;
#endif
        if (mProcess->mDriverFD <= 0) {
            err = -EBADF;
        }
        IF_LOG_COMMANDS() {
            alog << "Finished read/write, write size = " << mOut.dataSize() << endl;
        }
    } while (err == -EINTR);

    IF_LOG_COMMANDS() {
        alog << "Our err: " << (void*)(intptr_t)err << ", write consumed: "
            << bwr.write_consumed << " (of " << mOut.dataSize()
                        << "), read consumed: " << bwr.read_consumed << endl;
    }

    if (err >= NO_ERROR) {
        if (bwr.write_consumed > 0) {
            if (bwr.write_consumed < mOut.dataSize())
                mOut.remove(0, bwr.write_consumed);
            else
                mOut.setDataSize(0);
        }
        if (bwr.read_consumed > 0) {
            mIn.setDataSize(bwr.read_consumed);
            mIn.setDataPosition(0);
        }
        IF_LOG_COMMANDS() {
            TextOutput::Bundle _b(alog);
            alog << "Remaining data size: " << mOut.dataSize() << endl;
            alog << "Received commands from driver: " << indent;
            const void* cmds = mIn.data();
            const void* end = mIn.data() + mIn.dataSize();
            alog << HexDump(cmds, mIn.dataSize()) << endl;
            while (cmds < end) cmds = printReturnCommand(alog, cmds);
            alog << dedent;
        }
        return NO_ERROR;
    }
    
    return err;
}

驱动层

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//https://github.com/torvalds/linux/blob/master/drivers/android/binder.c
static int binder_ioctl_write_read(struct file *filp,
				unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg,
				struct binder_thread *thread)
{
	int ret = 0;
	struct binder_proc *proc = filp->private_data;
	unsigned int size = _IOC_SIZE(cmd);
	void __user *ubuf = (void __user *)arg;
	struct binder_write_read bwr;

	if (size != sizeof(struct binder_write_read)) {
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto out;
	}
  //将用户空间的数据copy到内核空间
	if (copy_from_user(&bwr, ubuf, sizeof(bwr))) {
		ret = -EFAULT;
		goto out;
	}
	binder_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_READ_WRITE,
		     "%d:%d write %lld at %016llx, read %lld at %016llx\n",
		     proc->pid, thread->pid,
		     (u64)bwr.write_size, (u64)bwr.write_buffer,
		     (u64)bwr.read_size, (u64)bwr.read_buffer);

	if (bwr.write_size > 0) {
    //将数据放入目标进程
		ret = binder_thread_write(proc, thread,
					  bwr.write_buffer,
					  bwr.write_size,
					  &bwr.write_consumed);
		trace_binder_write_done(ret);
		if (ret < 0) {
			bwr.read_consumed = 0;
			if (copy_to_user(ubuf, &bwr, sizeof(bwr)))
				ret = -EFAULT;
			goto out;
		}
	}
	if (bwr.read_size > 0) {
		ret = binder_thread_read(proc, thread, bwr.read_buffer,
					 bwr.read_size,
					 &bwr.read_consumed,
					 filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK);
		trace_binder_read_done(ret);
		binder_inner_proc_lock(proc);
		if (!binder_worklist_empty_ilocked(&proc->todo))
			binder_wakeup_proc_ilocked(proc);
		binder_inner_proc_unlock(proc);
		if (ret < 0) {
			if (copy_to_user(ubuf, &bwr, sizeof(bwr)))
				ret = -EFAULT;
			goto out;
		}
	}
	binder_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_READ_WRITE,
		     "%d:%d wrote %lld of %lld, read return %lld of %lld\n",
		     proc->pid, thread->pid,
		     (u64)bwr.write_consumed, (u64)bwr.write_size,
		     (u64)bwr.read_consumed, (u64)bwr.read_size);
	if (copy_to_user(ubuf, &bwr, sizeof(bwr))) {
		ret = -EFAULT;
		goto out;
	}
out:
	return ret;
}

流程图

参考

This post is licensed under CC BY 4.0 by the author.